Category Archives: Uncategorized

Research and Development (Patent Pedrick)

In my research on Arthur Paul Pedrick I never found a definitive list of all of the patents Arthur had approved. The Wikipedia article on A P Pedrick at present wrongly states that he “filed for 162 United Kingdom patents between 1962 and his death in 1976”. Through lots and lots of searching on Espacenet and looking up his self references I found 163 of his UK patents. I don’t know for sure that’s all of them but I will still list them here for the benefit of anyone else out there who is looking for a list of Pedrick Patents. They are a real range of serious to silly and show an incredible appetite for invention and imagination that I am massively jealous of. Some of the patent titles alone I love, particularly #73, #121 and of course #153 the legendary GB1426698A.

  1. GB918327A Inflatable air cushioned transporting sledge
  2. GB922386A Combination piston-turbine internal combustion engine
  3. GB922977A Anti-roll ship stabiliser
  4. GB925268A Air cushioning ball support bearing
  5. GB925269A Improvements in air cushioned ball support units
  6. GB926207A Improved air cushioned ball support units
  7. GB929853A Skim Craft
  8. GB929989A Improvements in Heat Exchangers
  9. GB931664A Improvements in skim craft
  10. GB935130A Improvements in fuel element arrangements for nuclear reactors
  11. GB936762A Improvements in skim craft
  12. GB936763A Improvements in skim craft
  13. GB943391A Improvements in air cushioned ball support units
  14. GB944195A Improvements in combined piston-turbine internal combustion engines
  15. GB946200A Improvements in air cushioned ball support units
  16. GB949089A Improvements in automobile vehicles
  17. GB951076A Preventing collisions at sea
  18. GB955922A Improvement in “skim craft,” being craft adapted for movement in proximity to, but in substantially continuous separation from, a flat undersurface
  19. GB955923A Improvements in craft adapted to skim over water or flat land areas
  20. GB957135A Suction apparatus for retaining personnel in vehicles or aircraft in their seats
  21. GB958333A Improvements in naval aircraft carriers
  22. GB960553A Improvements in craft adapted to move in close proximity to, but separated from, a relatively flat land or water surface
  23. GB962298A Improvements in combined piston-turbine internal combustion engines
  24. GB970631A Air film bearings, particularly for railway vehicles
  25. GB981436A Improvements in compression-ignition reciprocating engines
  26. GB984148A Improvements in gas turbine power units, particularly for automobiles
  27. GB992921A Automatic Boot and Shoe Cleaning Machine
  28. GB993808A Improvements in the propulsion of supramarine craft
  29. GB997543A Improvements in combination piston turbine internal combustion engines
  30. GB997737A Reduction in hydrodynamic drag of water buoyant vessels
  31. GB997738A Improvements in marine propulsion utilising energy from nuclear fission
  32. GB997739A Improvements in air layer supported marine craft
  33. GB1006303A Rotary cylinder internal combustion engine
  34. GB1012971A Improvements in skim craft
  35. GB1022374A Marine cargo trains with hydrodynamic drag reduction by air separation layer and propulsion by nuclear powered towing craft in relation to the international transport of Food and other Supplies in Bulk
  36. GB1031309A Apparatus for growing crops on sea areas
  37. GB1032689A Improvements in radio controlled nuclear energy propelled marine towing craft
  38. GB1038320A Apparatus for growing and watering crops on sea areas
  39. GB1042541A Distillation of sea water employing nuclear energy
  40. GB1047735A Arrangements For The Transfer of Fresh Water from One Location on the Earth’s Surface to Another at a Different Latitude, for the Purpose of Irrigation, with Pumping Energy Derived from the Effect of the Earth’s Rotation about the Polar Axis
  41. GB1047736A Improvements in the irrigation of large tracts of land
  42. GB1053508A Improvements in “Floating Fields” and “Farms” with Desalination of Sea Water by Energy from Fluid Fuels
  43. GB1066049A Improvements in the propulsion of marine and supra marine vessels or craft
  44. GB1066050A Improvements in means of propulsion for marine and supra marine vessels or craft
  45. GB1067703A Submarine cargo trains, with arrangements for the use of obsolete or surplus nuclear submarines
  46. GB1080189A Sea bed anchorage device
  47. GB1085459A Improvements in gas turbine jet engines particularly for vertical take off and landing delta wing sub and supersonic aircraft
  48. GB1086697A Emergency descent arrangements in rear jet mounted subsonic and supersonic aircraft
  49. GB1096897A Machine for producing spheres of compacted material, particularly snow, for transfer by pipe line to a desert area, for the irrigation thereof
  50. GB1098212A Air cargo trains, for use in an integrated world transport system using standard freight containers
  51. GB1111845A Improvements in hypersonic VTOL aircraft
  52. GB1117054A Gas turbine heated hot air buoyant airships
  53. GB1119948A Laser ray beam gun, or concentrator, for use in polar regions, accelerating crop growth, and promoting nuclear fusion reactions
  54. GB1121630A Improvements in the Flight Direction and Location of Golf Balls
  55. GB1130107A Desalination of sea water by reverse osmosis using tidal energy
  56. GB1132199A Floating cities for relieving population pressures on the land masses
  57. GB1134312A Improvements in sailing ships
  58. GB1141138A Desalination of sea water, using reverse osmosis, in vessels submerged at depths for sufficient hydrostatic pressure
  59. GB1153249A Tower With Revolving Restaurants and Other Amenities
  60. GB1155660A Survival Capsules for marine use
  61. GB1174717A Coupling for Lengths of Pipe Line
  62. GB1175916A Hot Air Bomb, or Internal Combustion Boiler, particularly for Producing Underwater Bubbles, for use, especially, in Polar Regions
  63. GB1192139A Improvements in the Design of Golf Clubs
  64. GB1195946A Fan or Multi-Swing Wings, to Reduce Wing Loading in large Multi-Seat Passenger Aircraft to Make Possible “Pancake” Emergency Landings, Using a Stabilising Parachute, and to enable an Aircraft, Convertible to an Automobile to be Stored in an Automobile Garage
  65. GB1203136A Improvements In The Irrigation Of Deserts By Snow Piped From Polar Regions For The Purpose Of Minimising The Impending World Famine
  66. GB1203166A Swinging, or Suspended, Multi-Deck Cities
  67. GB1204639A Internal Combustion Capsules
  68. GB1204648A Improvements in Semi-Buoyant Tubes
  69. GB1204649A Cruciform, Kite and Parachute Aircraft
  70. GB1205200A Improvements in Artificial Respiratory Devices for Purposes Similar to those Fulfilled by Devices of the Type Known as “Iron Lungs”
  71. GB1206260A Wave Length Selective Light Screens
  72. GB1206580A Sonar Pulse Emitting Submarine Cable For Guidance of Surface and Submarine Vessels, and their Detection with Special Reference to an Investigation of the Loch Ness Monster
  73. GB1207698A Generator of Electricity from Waves of Gaseous Plasma, Preferably Produced by Lazer Beam Initiated Nuclear Fusion Reactions
  74. GB1209290A Improvements in the Design, Structure, and Safety of Large Aircraft
  75. GB1211937A Airscrew Sailing Ships
  76. GB1215611A Prime Mover or Motor, Operable by any Pressurised Fluid, Particularly for Incorporation in the Wheel Structures of Automotive Vehicles
  77. GB1237189A Emergency Landing System, Particularly for Aircraft with High Aspect Ratio Wings
  78. GB1237190A Apparatus for Towing by Ships for Removal of Oil Slicks and Other Forms of Buoyant Pollutants from a Water Surface
  79. GB1246069A Improvements in Polarising Spectacles based on a Double Helix Structure of Light and other Electromagnetic Waves
  80. GB1251780A Improvements in Tees, or Devices for Supporting Golf Balls prior to a Driving Stroke Particularly for Practicing a Golf Swing
  81. GB1254810A Improvements in Bumper Bars or End Guard Members to Destroy the Rectangularity of Planform of an Automobile, to Reduce the Injurious Effects of Impacts with other Automobiles, or Objects
  82. GB1255915A Fluid Pressure Motor, Particularly for Automobile Propulsion
  83. GB1256350A Television using Colours Produced by Light Ray Scan of Prismatic Surfaces on Screens of Glass or other Suitable Materials
  84. GB1280928A Apparatus for the Comparison of Coded Pressure Pulse Registrations for Use in Filing Systems in Space to Improve the efficiency of the International Patent System and Application to the Recognition of “Voice Prints” to operate Devices by Words of Command
  85. GB1282391A Improvements in Laser Beam Compression Guns
  86. GB1287207A Improvements in Semi-Buoyant Tubes
  87. GB1299270A Apparatus for Perforating Material with Very Small Holes Using Electrode Spark Discharge in an Evacuated Space in Magnetic Fields Between Like Magnetic Poles
  88. GB1311140A Minute Particle, or “True Atom”, Beam Microscope Intended Primarily for High Magnification of Living Cells, or Biological Structures, Particularly for Cancer Research
  89. GB1317330A Converting Electrical Energy to Kinetic Energy in Massive Fly Wheels for Reconversion to Electrical Energy to Meet Peak Demands in National Electricity Supply Systems
  90. GB1319510A Improvements in Steam Jet Reactive Marine Propulsion Units
  91. GB1325996A Massive Steam Driven Flywheels for Combined Electricity Generation and Desalination Plant, Particularly for the Irrigation of Littoral Areas of Deserts
  92. GB1331655A Improvements in the Design of Saucer Shaped Flying Machines
  93. GB1331862A Arrangements for Establishing a Pipe Line Across Deep Snow, Subject to Frequent Fresh Snow Falls, in a Manner Such that the Pipe Line will be Retained on the Surface of the Snow Layer
  94. GB1332025A Improvements in the Construction of Automobiles
  95. GB1332079A Electromagnetically Operated Tubular Pump
  96. GB1332202A Inclined Ramps for Engagement by Vehicles to Generate Electricity
  97. GB1332203A Road Trailer for Hard Top Automobiles
  98. GB1332209A Electro-Magnetically Operated Diaphragm Pump Particularly for Use with “Iron Lungs”, or Other Respiratory Apparatus
  99. GB1332529A Improvements in Supersonic Transport Aircraft
  100. GB1333157A Improvements in Air Screw Sailing Ships
  101. GB1333194A Improvements in Electrical Comparison Systems
  102. GB1333343A Improvements in Plant for Generating Electrical Energy and Desalination of Water
  103. GB1333348A Improvements in Automobile Construction
  104. GB1333548A Internally Explosive Nail
  105. GB1334497A Improvements in Flash Boiling, Steam Jet Reactive, Marine Propulsion Systems
  106. GB1334503A Coloured Light Ray Scanning System for N.T.S.C-PAL Colour TV Transmissions
  107. GB1334640A Speed of Light Regulated Clock
  108. GB1334880A Small Power Gas Turbine for generating Electricity from Carboniferous Waste Materials or One Candle
  109. GB1335771A Vertical Take Off and Landing Wingless Aircraft
  110. GB1336082A Endless Tracks for Ships and Amphibious Vehicles
  111. GB1336473A Small Solid Fuelled Gas Turbines
  112. GB1337383A Generating Electricity by Using Worked Out, or Uneconomic Coal Mines, as Compressed Air Reservoirs, or Gas Turbine Combustion Chambers
  113. GB1337936A Apparatus for Initiating Deuterium-Tritium Fusion
  114. GB1338121A Vacuum Tube Trains for Fumeless High Speed Overhead Supra and Submarine Transportation of Animate and Inanimate Loads
  115. GB1339414A Exploding Bombs To Create Underground Shelters
  116. GB1339707A Cross-Shaped Wind-Driven Electricity Generator
  117. GB1340664A Variable Speed Magnetic Motor with Minimal Servicing or Maintenance Requirements
  118. GB1345288A Improvements in Aerial Ships Supported by Vacuum Balls or Other Forms of Evacuated Vessels
  119. GB1346165A Generating Electricity by Burning Oil or Gas on the Seabed
  120. GB1348477A Colour Television Using Light Ray Created Images
  121. GB1350746A Using Warning Lights to Prevent Motorists Bashing into, and Killing Each Other, Particularly on High Speed Motorways in Fog
  122. GB1350885A Arrangements for Using Wasted Energy
  123. GB1351926A Improvements in Tea Strainers
  124. GB1353727A Apparatus for Producing Electricity from Thermonuclear Reactions
  125. GB1357769A Reactor for Release of Energy from Nuclei of Atoms by Centrifugal Disintegration without a Chain Reaction
  126. GB1361962A Earth Orbital Bombs as Nuclear Deterrents
  127. GB1366285A A Control System for Regulating the Speed of Deuterium-Tritium Tip Bullets Required to Implode upon One Another to Produce A Controlled Nuclear Fusion Reaction
  128. GB1374399A An Electron-microscope for Use on Living Cells
  129. GB1388367A A Process for Producing Hydrogen and Electricity from Sea, River or Lake Water
  130. GB1388517A Electrically Operated Index and Comparison System
  131. GB1391569A Miniature-Image Producing Spectacles And Binoculars
  132. GB1394639A Improvements in Automobiles Driven from the Back Seat
  133. GB1395137A Photo-Electric Generator, Particularly for Recharging the Batteries of Earth Orbital Space Satellites by Laser Beams, with a Possible Explanation of Colour Sight
  134. GB1405575A Propelling Automobiles without using Petrol, or Gasolene
  135. GB1405737A Large Flat Based Aircraft, Capable of Hovering Flight, Particularly for the Transport of Lengths of Pipe Line
  136. GB1405739A Vtol Aircraft of Cruciform Shape with Parachute Landing Capability in an Emergency
  137. GB1408689A Improvements in Arrangements for Examining or Drilling the Seabed
  138. GB1409210A A Plant for the Thermonuclear Fusion of Deuterium Obtained from Sea Water
  139. GB1411203A Using Gas Turbines to Generate Electricity from any Waste Combustible Materials to Overcome the ‘Energy Crisis’
  140. GB1411354A Using Electrostatic Levitation to Reduce the Resistance to the High Speed Movement of Ice or Oil Filled Balls in Tubes, with an Explanation of the Enigma of the Nucleus of the ‘Splittable Atom’
  141. GB1414286A Nuclear Power Plant with Emergency Ejection of Reactor Core
  142. GB1414601A Using the Pull of a Beam of Light on a Liquid Surface to Explain Colour Sight, with the Provision of a Chromatic Selection Device
  143. GB1415487A Reducing the Tendency of a Golf Ball to Slice or Hook, by Electrostatic Forces
  144. GB1415629A Improvements in ‘True Atom’ or Graviton Beam Microscopes, Particularly for Cancer Research
  145. GB1416666A Sea Bed Crawling Submarine Craft
  146. GB1420426A Electricity Generation by Nuclear Fission Reactor and Closed Cycle Gas Turbines, with Core Automatically Shut Down by Coolant Flow Failure and Dropped out of Plant for Sealing if Temperature is Excessive
  147. GB1420589A Improvements in Nuclear Fission Reactors with Arrangements for Ejecting the Core in an Emergency
  148. GB1421240A Improvements in Mortarless Brick Work to Reduce House Building Costs
  149. GB1421521A Improvements in Centrifugal Nucleon Disintergration or CND Reactors
  150. GB1421712A Improvements in Centrifugal Nucleon Disintergration or ‘Streaked Nuclei’ Reactors
  151. GB1424509A Improvements in Streaking Nuclear Reactors
  152. GB1426580A Using Magnetic Coils to Produce Periodically Applied Forces to Maintain the High Speed Movement of Bodies and Vehicles, Particularly in Tubes Evacuated of Air
  153. GB1426698A Photon Push-Pull Radiation Detector for use in Chromatically Selective Cat Flap Control and 1,000 Megaton, Earth-Orbital, Peace-Keeping Bomb
  154. GB1426983A Nuclear Reactor for Release of Nuclear Energy, without a Chain Reaction using the Simultaneous Implosion of Three, or more, Atomic Nuclei
  155. GB1428297A Apparatus for Maintaining the High Speed Movement of Bodies in a Tube
  156. GB1438618A Improvements in ‘True Atom’ or Graviton Particle Beam Microscopes, Particularly for Cancer Research
  157. GB1439086A Large Flat Based Low Flying Aircraft Using Fasces, or Bundles of Bodies of Existing Large Aircraft, such as the Boeing 747
  158. GB1439297A Improvements in Arrangements for Initiating A Controlled Fusion Reaction Using Deuterium And Tritium Pellets In Imploding Bullets Fed With Powerful Laser Beam Pulses
  159. GB1439440A Internal Combustion Engine Operative on Encapsulated Fuels
  160. GB1442869A Apparatus for Inflation in an Emergency to Provide Additional Buoyancy for Boats, Yachts or Ships in Danger of Sinking or Capsizing
  161. GB1447848A Using Neutron Beams for a Microscope for Cancer Research or for Cancer Surgery
  162. GB1447940A Improvements in Construction and Propulsion of Ships, Carrying Oil, or Bulk Cargoes
  163. GB1453920A Apparatus for Extinguishing Fires in High Rise Block Buildings of Uniform Transverse Cross-Section, or Plan

Our next show is…. not happening

In 2010 I had the idea for a new theatre show that would be based around the 1997 Man vs Machine chess match between Garry Kasparov and the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue. We had been successful that Autumn in Arts Council GFtA funding for a 2 week research and development of our first show Paper Tom and I was optimistic of following up that period of development with the start of development on a new show. At that point it had taken a year to get our first show mostly made and I thought it was important and the right move to get the ball rolling on the next show to follow that up. The aim of this parallel development was to be able to capitalise on any impetus and opportunity that might be enabled or unlocked by our first production Paper Tom.

So in Jan 10th 2011 I submitted another GftA application to research and develop Deep Blue (£6,732). I also applied for the company to return to the Pulse festival and show Deep Blue as a work-in-development.

I was really positive about the potential of this work and felt that the timing was right. Things were falling into place content wise as the story I wanted to explore in 1997 was still developing in the present. While these applications were in decision limbo IBM unveiled their latest Man vs Machine contest on an American gameshow “Jeopardy” and broadcast the shows in the USA over three nights in February (14th, 15th &16th)

Jeopardy! IBM Watson Day 3 (Feb 16, 2011) Part 2/2

All applications were unsuccessful.

So our development window closed and we worked on presenting Paper Tom at the Buxton and Edinburgh Fringe.

Following a horrendous time at Edinburgh (that’s another story) we were all seriously broken and broke. A call out for scratch work for the BAC on the theme of Machines was put out. Deep Blue I thought was ideal so I dusted myself down and wrote a proposal and it was successful.

The 10 minute scratch performance wasn’t so good and the minimal support and resources really restricted our ambition in that scratch environment. We went into it knowing that the minimum we would get from it was a credit that could hopefully be used as a stepping stone to take the work forward to a proper period of development. That was pretty much all we got from it.

Due to the short application to performance turnaround we had no time to privately fundraise or get funding in place for this work. We were completely skint from Edinburgh. I didn’t want to get external performers in for the scratch as there was no money to pay them so I ended up performing the work myself. (my first performance since I was the Artful Dodger in Oliver at primary school.) I’m still sore about my carefully constructed split channel sound design being half muted for most of the performance but these things unfortunately happen in rough and immediate environments.

Despite this bad experience Deep Blue had to start somewhere and at least the ball was now rolling. I applied to present the next stage of development of this new work at CPT Sprint Festival 2012. This application was successful but again we were informed of this success with not enough time to get any funding in place. Faced with making the work on buttons and in a short timeframe I decided it was best not to present something under these conditions again and decided not to take part in Sprint. At the time I was also tour booking Paper Tom and committing to presenting these performances during 2012. I knew I needed what little money I had to make the Paper Tom tour happen if I was unsuccessful with ACE tour funding as I was already having to sign off on performances. There is a limit to how far a company making and producing new work without core funding can stretch. With the tour being booked in and approaching we were at our limit. All future work was now shelved until after our Paper Tom tour.

So with the tour completed I looked to start again on the next show. I thought it would work well to return to this years Pulse Festival and present an advanced work-in-development of Deep Blue. In 2010 we successfully performed our first development of Paper Tom at Pulse and I have been keen to return to this festival as it offers a high amount of in-kind support that makes things a lot easier for companies like us who operate purely on a project by project basis.

Again due to deadlines put in place by the organisers of Pulse I needed to get funding in place before I would get a decision. So I followed this up with a funding application to the Arts Council to research and develop Deep Blue (£7,332). This application was made with participation in Pulse as a question mark and with viable alternatives presented. I had made the application not dependent on Pulse, which was a good thing as 2 weeks ago I was informed that my application to perform at Pulse was unsuccessful.

The last two weeks in funding limbo have felt really odd as I’ve awaited the impending decision to make our next show.

I’ve seen some really good new shows this month play to too small audiences. We ourselves have struggled with low audiences but that is how it is at the moment. New work needs an even greater level of subsidy to the artists making it as the performance fees or box office splits don’t stretch enough to support the development of new work.

Today I got the funding decision from the Arts Council. Ace Answer

It’s a real mixture of emotions. It has been a show I have really wanted to make and I put everything I had into that last Arts Council application but I will now have to move on. Two productions by other companies about Kasparaov and Deep Blue are now happening or on the way. The Machine will have a 10 week run at the Donmar Warehouse this summer followed up by a run in New York. This show has a near identical premise to my planned production and kills off the last prospects of this idea being viable for us to develop further. I can’t compete with this production but I can take some comfort that the story of Deep Blue is being told by others. I think my ideas and efforts over the last two years are now justified in the proposals that I have submitted to try and make this show happen for us but it is also a big frustration at being unable to secure investment or significant resources to do the show I wanted to do.

A lot has been written in recent weeks about the current state of new writing in theatre. The in battalions report was a long, depressing but interesting read. I wonder how much more compelling the report would’ve been had it extended its scope and included all new theatre / performance work. What I’m seeing and experiencing is that new collaborative and devised work is in a worse situation than new writing.

So today after 2 ½ years of trying to make Deep Blue happen I will stop trying and I will draw a line through it. Our next show is not happening.